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Cleveland

from Cleveland: The Essential Map & Guide, 5th Edition:

Cleveland is a diverse center of economic, cultural, and medical activity that is rich in history and outstanding institutions. On July 22, 1996, the city celebrated her bicentennial–over 200 years of progress, development, difficulties, and rebirth. Many new developments in recent years give evidence that Cleveland has entered an exciting new era. The Economist’s 2006 Business trip index ranked Cleveland as the best city in the Continental US for a business meeting and the 6th best in the world.

Metropolitan Cleveland is America’s 16th largest with a population of 3 million people, and ranks 11th in the US for Fortune 500 company headquarters. Over the past few decades, Cleveland has followed national trends to a more service-based economy from a manufacturing one. However, manufacturing remains a significant component of the local economy, representing the second largest sector after services.

Cleveland is one of the leading centers of medicine in the world, a premier city for medical research, technology, education, and treatment, serving patients from over 100 foreign countries per year. Other growing industries include nanotechnology, biotechnology, sustainable energy, and polymer sciences. These industries benefit from the many prestigious institutions in the city, including Case Western Reserve University, the Cleveland Clinic, and University Hospitals of Cleveland, and a long history of industry, manufacturing, and innovation.

In addition to a strong diversified economy, Cleveland is home to many fine cultural institutions, including the world-renowned Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland Orchestra, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, and the second largest theater district in the United States. As a city of innovation, Cleveland possesses many “firsts”. To name a few: the first college in the US to admit women (Oberlin College, 1837); first electric street lighting in the world (Public Square, 1879); first airport control tower in the world (Cleveland Municipal Airport, 1927); first African-American mayor of a major US city (Carl B. Stokes, 1967); first coronary artery bypass surgery (Cleveland Clinic, 1967); and first rapid transit rail link in the US between an airport and a downtown (RTA’s Red Line, 1968).

Cleveland was founded on July 22, 1796 by Moses Cleaveland on a mission to map and survey the holdings of the Connecticut Land Company. At the confluence of the Cuyahoga River and Lake Erie, Cleveland was to be an ideal site for the capital city of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The city was named for its founder, though the first letter “a” in his name was dropped in 1832.

For a list of major projects recently announced in Cleveland for 2008, click here.

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